THE TRIUMPHES OF ORIANA

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  • A collection of 29 madrigals by 26 composers
    • Edited and published by MORLEY
    • It is a comprehensive example of secular vocal music being composed in England at the time.
    • It was modelled on a similar Italian anthology published in 1592 called IL TRIOFO DI DORO.
    • Morley aimed to match the Italian set.
    • All the leading English musicians contributed to the set.
      • Hard by a Crystal Fountain is  a PARODY of an Italian model Ove tra l'herbe e I fiori  by Croce which was published in Il Trionfo di Dori in 1592.
    • Morley allowed himself 2 pieces...Hard by a Crystal Fountain and Arise, Awake.
    • Wilbye, Weelkes, Bennet, Farmer, Byrd, Gibbons contributed
    • ORIANA was the poetic name for QUEEN ELIZABETH I
    • Each madrigal in the collection ended with the refrain 'Then sang the shepherds and nymphs of Diana, long live fair Orian'
    • The refrain was a tribute to honour the Queen
      • THE TRIUMPHES OF ORIANA, THOMAS MORLEY
      • Morley would have known Croce's madrigal through its appearance in Nicholas YONGE'S 2nd MUSICA TRANSALPINA
    • Queen Elizabeth was very old and had no children
    • THE TRIUMPHES OF ORIANA was published by MORLEY in 1601

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