Treaty of Versailles 1919

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  • Created by: Geot
  • Created on: 19-04-14 14:06
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  • The Treaty of Versailles
    • Territorial
      • German Empire and colonies were divided between the UK, France and Russia
        • Much trade and revenue from the colonies was lost because of this
          • Economic
            • As part of the WGC, Germany had to pay reparations of 132 billion Marks or £6.6 billion (£284 billion today)
              • It would have taken Germany until 1980 to fully repay France and Belgium
              • The Dawes Plan of 1924 later made these reparations easier to pay, staggering them over months at a time
                • French and Belgian troops were able to occupy the Ruhr, should the reparations stop, which they did so in 1922
                  • As part of the WGC, Germany had to pay reparations of 132 billion Marks or £6.6 billion (£284 billion today)
                    • It would have taken Germany until 1980 to fully repay France and Belgium
                    • The Dawes Plan of 1924 later made these reparations easier to pay, staggering them over months at a time
                      • French and Belgian troops were able to occupy the Ruhr, should the reparations stop, which they did so in 1922
                        • The Dawes Plan allowed the Ruhr to be reclaimed by the German government, restarting production in the area
                    • The Dawes Plan allowed the Ruhr to be reclaimed by the German government, restarting production in the area
            • Polish Corridor created to isolate Prussia
            • Alsace-Lorraine, seized in the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, was returned to French control
          • Economic
            • Political
              • Article 231 (War Guilt Clause) stated that Germany was solely to blame for WWI
                • Austria and Serbia were exempt from the ToV
                  • However, the Austro-Hungarian Empire had collapsed during the war, leaving it weak and powerless
                    • The two were forcibly divided by the Sudetenland, administrated by the LoN
              • Germany was forbidden from reallying with Austria
                • The two were forcibly divided by the Sudetenland, administrated by the LoN
              • Germany was forced to recognise the independence of Poland and Czechoslovakia; former parts of the German Empire
            • Military
              • Army reduced to 100,000 men plus volunteers
                • No airforce
                • Only 6 warships
                  • Military
                    • Army reduced to 100,000 men plus volunteers
                      • No airforce
                      • Only 6 warships
                      • Troops were banned from the Rhineland, Germany's western border with France and Belgium
                        • Alsace-Lorraine, seized in the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, was returned to French control
                • Troops were banned from the Rhineland, Germany's western border with France and Belgium

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