Transition elements

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  • Created by: siobhan
  • Created on: 18-05-13 12:08
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  • The transition elements
    • The transition elements are found in the periodic table between groups 2 and 3.
    • They are all metal and so are sometimes called the transition metals
    • Except for mercury, they have higher melting and boiling points than the alkali metals.
    • They are all malleable and ductile and they are good conductor of heat and electricity
    • The react only slowly, or not at all, with oxygen and water at normal temperatures.
    • Most are strong and dense and are useful building materials, often as alloys
    • They form positive ions with various charges, e.g. Fe2+ and Fe3+.
    • Compounds of the transition metals are often brightly coloured.
    • Many transistion metals and their compounds are catalysts for chemical reactions
    • The charge on a transition metal ion is given by the Roman numeral after its name. e.g. iron(II) chloride contains Fe2+ ions and so its formula is FeCl2.


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