The Third Home Rule Bill

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  • The Third Home Rule Bill April 1912
    • Main features were...
      • A two-chamber Irish Assembly with 40 members in the Senate and 164 members in the Lower House
      • 42 Irish MPs would still sit in Westminster
      • The Irish Assembly could impose new taxes and vary imperial taxes
      • A Lord Lieutenant would replace the administrative powers of Dublin Castle
    • Prime Minister Asquith- "The Unionist campaign is purely destructive in its objects Ireland is a nation, not two nations but one nation"
    • The Unionist reaction...
      • The Solemn League and Covenant
        • Petition signed by Unionist leader, Sir Edward Carson and 450,000 others to show solidarity of the unionists
        • It said: "We hereby pledge ourselves in solemn using all means which may be found necessary to defeat the present conspiracy to set up a home rule parliament in Ireland"
          • "All means which may be necessary" = "using violence if we have to"


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