Teleological Argument

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  • Created by: susanna
  • Created on: 10-05-13 17:29
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  • Teleological Argument
    • Aquinas
      • Everything in the world is directed to some goal and follows natural laws, whether intelligent or not.
        • He bases his argument on the fact that things in nature follow certain laws that lead to certain results.
          • E.g. if a glass falls onto the floor it's due to gravity- someone  must've set up this natural law
            • God
    • Payley
      • Uses his watch analogy to explain his theory.
        • A watch has many delicate pieces that all function in exactly the  right way in which to make it work.
          • Therefore a designer must have put all of these pieces together.
      • Also uses an example of a human eye
    • Challenges from Hume
      • An unsound analogy
        • Therefore a designer must have put all of these pieces together.
        • Because our world and Payley's watch aren't similar it is a weak argument
          • Our world isn't a machine. It is composed of vegetables and animals
      • To know  that an orderly universe must arise from intelligence and thought we would have to of experienced the origin of the world.
    • Challenges from Darwin and Dawkins
      • Natural Selection described a way of understanding the natural world whereby it's complex biological functions no longer required an Intelligent Designer to account for apparent order
        • Variations of offspring within a species- Survival of the fittest.
          • They then pass on their genetic traits
            • They will  have the appearance    of design but will be a result of evolving by variation
    • Strengths and Weaknesses
      • Strengths
        • Gives an explanation- it answers the question, Why is the world the way it is?
        • Fits with other arguments for God's existence- They all point to the same conclusion- God.
        • Recent scientific findings support it. Finely balanced universe
        • Challenges  by Hume fail- There appears to be a purpose in nature and the watch displays purpose
      • Weaknesses
        • Not a proof- Based on probabilities not actual proof.
        • An un -designed universe- Until we know what the world was when it wasn't designed we cannot say it's designed
        • God is not an external being- God is not an object or a thing it represents what is most important to us
  • Our world isn't a machine. It is composed of vegetables and animals

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