Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat

Volcanic eruption of 1995 case study

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: emma998
  • Created on: 25-02-14 19:34
View mindmap
  • The Soufriere Hills Volcano
    • General info
      • Island of Montserrat, Carribbean
      • June 25th 1997
      • Huge eruption, 4-5 million m3  of rocks and gas released
      • 19 people killed
    • Secondary impacts
      • Fires destroyed many buildings including the local government offices, police headquaters
      • Tourists stayed away and businesses were destroyed disrupting the economy
      • Population decline - 8000 of the island's 12000 inhabitants have left since 1995
      • Volcanic ash from the eruption has improved soil fertility
      • Tourism on the island is increasing as people come to see the volcano
    • Causes
      • Montserrat is above a destructive plate margin
      • Atlantic plate was forced under the Caribbean plate
      • The rock above the pool collapsed opening a vent and causing the eruption
      • Magma rose up through the weak points in the soufriere hills forming an underground pool of lava
  • Primary impacts
    • The Soufriere Hills Volcano
      • General info
        • Island of Montserrat, Carribbean
        • June 25th 1997
        • Huge eruption, 4-5 million m3  of rocks and gas released
        • 19 people killed
      • Secondary impacts
        • Fires destroyed many buildings including the local government offices, police headquaters
        • Tourists stayed away and businesses were destroyed disrupting the economy
        • Population decline - 8000 of the island's 12000 inhabitants have left since 1995
        • Volcanic ash from the eruption has improved soil fertility
        • Tourism on the island is increasing as people come to see the volcano
      • Causes
        • Montserrat is above a destructive plate margin
        • Atlantic plate was forced under the Caribbean plate
        • The rock above the pool collapsed opening a vent and causing the eruption
        • Magma rose up through the weak points in the soufriere hills forming an underground pool of lava
    • Large areas were covered with volcanic ash - the capital Plymouth was buried under 12m of mud and ash
    • Over 20 villages and 2/3 of homes were destroyed by pyroclastic flows
    • Schools, hospitals, the airport and the port were destroyed
    • Vegetation and farmland were destroyed
    • 19 people died and 7 were injured
  • Long-term responses
    • A risk map was created and an exclusion zone is in place. The south side of the island is off-limits while the volcano is still active
    • The UK has provided £41 million to develop the north of the island - docks, airport, houses
    • The Montserrat Volcano Observatory has been set up to try and predict future eruptions

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Natural hazards resources »