The significance of Henry IV's conversion to Catholicism in 1593

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  • The significance of HIV's conversion to catholicism in1593
    • Henry becomes Catholic – IN 1593, Mayenne  summoned an Estates-General to paris in order to resolve question of succession
      • HIV announced his decision to abandon the reformed faith - 25th July 1593, solemnly abjures at Saint Denis.
      • Spanish ambassador proposed a spanish succession of Phillip II's daughter - infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia, grand-daughter of Henry II, barred by salic Law
      • mayenne proposed himself - also marriage to Isabella, many leaguers preferred his younger nephew - charles Duke of Guise
    • his conversion a critical turning point in the French WOR as at once H removed the L's main reason for excluding him from the succesion
      • while he may not have been an genuine catholic to the extremists; HIV's conversion was what many of the politiques had been waiting for.
    • town govenors declared loyalty to HIV -bribes to win over leaguer towns and nobles -agreements included clauses forbidding protestant worshop and leaguer office holders retained their positions.
      • HIV continued policy of appeasement townards leaguer towns - cheaper and positive alternative to war
    • coronation- 27th Feb 1594, HIV crowned at Chartres rather than Reims (leagues hands) HIV swore coronation oath promising to expell heretics.
      • 22nd march, henry entered paris -meeting little resistance, and symbolically heard mass at notre dame
    • conciliation with Rome - sept 1595, reached an agreement with Pope Clement VII promising to publish all decrees of the council of Trent in return for absolution
      • with the sobonne, parlements papacy and most importantly the majority of the populace behind him, Henry could now turn his attention towards ridding France of the Spanish.

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