The Siege of Damasus (Second Crusade) 1148

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  • Created by: Robyn
  • Created on: 10-05-13 19:02
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  • The Siege of Damascus
    • Strategy
      • Edessa
        • Nur ad-Din had destroyed fortification
        • massacred Christian inhabitants
        • could not keep and man it
      • Aleppo
        • to defend Antioch
        • pointless- aim to go south to Jerusalem
          • not protect North
        • Eleanor of Aquitaine supported
          • Louis VII opposed
      • Damascus
        • allied with Nur ad-Din
          • was an ally of Jerusalem
        • surrounded by fertile land
          • lucrative center of trade
        • desert= natural frontier
        • threat to Jerusalem
      • Ascalon
        • last port on the coast of Syria
        • still in Muslim hands
        • base for privacy and Egyptian attacks
        • rids Egyptian threat
    • Participants
      • Louis VII fleet
        • Approved Damascus again wife Eleanor
          • believed she was having an affair
      • Conrad
        • Damascus was a close Muslim stronghold to Jerusalem
      • Raymond of Antioch
        • wanted Aleppo
        • agreed Damascus as no one agreed with him
      • Baldwin II
        • prove himself as a military leader
          • heal feud with mother Melisende
        • Ascalon= help to brother Amalric
          • Melisende's side
    • Second Crusade failed July 1148
      • approaching Muslim army
        • Moved East
          • better attack point
          • no cover or water
          • no siege engines
          • no immediate attack
        • no supplies= no attack
      • Moved East
        • better attack point
        • no cover or water
        • no siege engines
        • no immediate attack
    • should have attacked Aleppo...
      • Straight for Nur ad-Din's jugular
        • not a problem in future
      • Damascus allied with Nur ad-Din after attack
        • Nur ad-Din then took the city
      • Damascus
        • should have prepared siege equipment
        • supplies
        • too big to surround
      • lack of man power as they stopped at Lisbon

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