India - Round Table Conferences and the Gandhi-Irwin Pact

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  • The Round Table Conferences and the Gandhi-Irwin Pact
    • First Round Table Conference
      • Gandhi not present as well as Congress who had also boycotted it
      • 89 representatives: 16 British politicians, 16 Princes, 57 nominees of the viceroy made up of Muslims, Sikhs, Indian Christians and the untouchables
      • Agreement made:
        • central and provincial power
        • acountable to legislatures
        • Britain and Indian India (the Princely States) should be linked as one nation
      • November - January 1930
    • Gandhi-Irwin Pact
      • Gandhi's deal
        • stop civil disobedience
        • congress will go to the next conference
      • Irwin's deal
        • inquiry into police brutality
        • release of political prisoners
        • un-banning of banned organisations
        • peaceful picketing allowed
        • government promise that all changes would be in the interests of India itself
      • Churchill is not happy
        • Believed that Irwin was endangering white British in India
        • Britain doesn't negotiate with terrorists
        • established the Indian Defence League and resigned from his front bench position of the opposition
    • Second Round Table Conference
      • Gandhi was the only representative of Congress
        • seen as arrogance in assuming he could represent such a vast and diverse organisation
      • ended without an agreement
      • Resulted in a British Government Announcement on the 4th August 1932
        • communal award setting out rights to separate representation for recognised minorities and depressed castes
          • Gandhi began another fast
      • 7th September 1931
    • Third Round Table Conference
      • November 1932
      • Labour party, the main driver for Indian Independence reform, formed a coalition government and lost its real influence
      • no key players at the conference
        • no definite conclusions
      • pamphlet produced at the time came up with Pakistan
    • Irwin replace by Lord Willingdon in 1931

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