Role of Federal Government: Presidents

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  • the Role of federal government: presidents
    • Eisenhower
      • beliefs
        • position of black people would improve on its own
        • not gov job
      • actions
        • proposed 2 CR acts 1957 and 1960
          • 1957 voting right
          • 1960 local authorities keep votes registry
      • success
        • 2 acts helped them vote and penalty if not followed
      • failure
        • vote increased 3%
        • faced oppostion in congress
    • Kennedy
      • beliefs: symapatic
      • actions
        • appointed 4 black judges to federal courts
        • CEEO
        • march of Washington fulfilled promise of CR act
      • successes
        • appointed judges meant had high status
        • made a commitment to ensure fair employment for everyone who worked for federal gov
      • failure
        • few black people employed by fed gov
    • Johnson
      • Beliefs
        • 'great society'
      • actions
        • passed CR at 1964
        • voting rights 1965
        • elementary/secondary education at 1965
        • higher education act 1965
        • CR act 1968 fairer housing
      • success
        • measures were effective
        • helped poor areas
        • ended local gov denying vote
      • failures
        • fair housing act limited
        • got distracted by Vietnam

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