The Restoration Settlement of CII, 1660

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  • The Restoration Settlement, 1660
    • CONSITUTIONAL
      • Triennial Act 1664
        • Parl should meet every 3 years, but created no mechanism for forcing the King to comply
      • Power of the King remained the same as it did in 1641
        • Royal Prerogative largely restored
        • Monarchy wasn't absolute
      • Act of Indemnity and Oblivion, 1660
      • Militia Act
        • Army and Navy placed in King's hands
      • King kept power to appoint ministers
    • LAND
      • Royalists whose estates had been sequestered and sold by parl able to get them back
        • Royalists who had sold land to pay Decimation Tax - little chance of compensation
      • Main source of income for the gentry
      • Most land returned to previous owners prior to ECW
    • FINANCE
      • King has own finances
      • Restore royal land
      • Hearth Tax
      • the assessment tax
      • reintroduced the excise tax
      • Solvent in  1680s but in debt to Louis XIV
      • parl have the 'power of the purse'
    • RELIGION
      • Corporation Act, 1661
      • Licensing Act, 1662
      • Five Mile Act 1665
      • Conventicle Act, 1664
      • Quaker Act, 1662
      • Charles wants toleration - Worcester House Declaration, 1660
      • Declaration's of Indulgence
        • Test Acts

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