The Plains Indians

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 25-01-14 15:43
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  • The Plains Indians
    • The Buffalo
      • Different parts of the buffalo were used for different things.
      • Clothing
        • Moccasins
        • Winter robes
        • Shirts
        • Leggings
        • Belts
        • Dresses
        • Headdresses
        • Armbands
      • For the Tipi
        • Buckets
        • Containers
        • Medicine Bags
        • Cups
        • Ladles
        • Spoons
        • Glue
        • Rattles
        • Cooking pots
        • Decorations
        • Shovels
        • Game dice
      • Hunting
        • Shields
        • Saddles
        • Knife Cases
        • Bullet Pouches
        • Halters
        • Quivers
        • Gun covers
        • Arrow-Heads
        • War Clubs
      • Religion
        • Hide Preparation
        • Altar
        • Pipe Bags
        • Drums
      • Food
      • Fuel
    • Family Life
      • Polygamy
        • Having more than one wife. Had to provide for them all. They did this to make sure everyone was looked after.
      • Travois
        • They turned the poles into a sledge to travel around with.
      • Women were in charge of the tipis - making them and moving.
        • Nomadic
          • They turned the poles into a sledge to travel around with.
      • Men went out hunting.
      • Children had to learn the important skills required to survive for when they grew older.
      • Exposure
        • When someone was older they would no longer travel but stay in the same place and die.
    • Religious Beliefs
      • Your name was chosen from your spiritual guardian, who you saw in a vision.
      • Visions were how you contacted the spirits. Everyone wanted to have a vision.
      • Some leaders had visions before they went to war and they believed this would be the outcome.
      • The tipi was round and the band would always pitch the tipis in a circle with the doorway facing east.
      • They would ask spirits for help to catch and kill the buffalo.
      • They would dance at ceremonies to contact the spirit world.
      • While they decided what would happen, councils would talk and smoke a ceremonial pipe.
      • They believed the land was like their mother, they believed they came from the earth, when they died they thought they returned to the land.
    • Warfare
      • They would go into battle on horses which had a handprint on them to help others recognise them.
      • Amulets would be worn around their neck to protect them, and they would have feathers to show previous acts of bravery.
      • They went into battle to stal horses, seak revenge or for hunting and living space.
      • They would take their enemy's scalps as evidence of success .

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