The Peace Treaties (1919-1923)

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  • The Peace Treaties (1919-1923)
    • The Treaty of Versailles
      • Terms. (BRAT)
        • Blame
          • Germany had to accept war guilt.
        • Reparations
          • Set at £6.6 billion
        • Army
          • Limited to just 100 000 men and conscription is banned
          • No armoured vehicles
          • Navy limited to six battleships
          • Rhineland is demillitarised
        • Territory
          • Colonies are reformed into League (British and French) mandates
          • Lost land in the east e.g. the Polish Corridor and Danzig
          • Lost land in the west e.g. Alsace-Lorraine and the Saar
          • Anschluss with Austria is banned
      • The Big Three
        • Georges Clemenceau
          • Had experienced a previous German invasion in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870
          • France's land, industry and population had been devastated by the war
          • Wanted to treat Germany harshly by breaking it up into smaller states, disarming the   nation and by setting a £20 billion reparation payment.
        • Woodrow Wilson
          • Idealistic.  Issued the 14 points that gave Germany false hope.
          • Impractical views on self-determination because of the complex make-up of Eastern Europe
          • The US Senate refused to join his League of Nations
        • David Lloyd George (UK)
          • Wanted to keep Germany as a trade partner
          • Understood the public's demand for both reparations and sympathy
          • Worried that a harsh treaty would make Germany want revenge. He did however want its colonies
    • The Treaty of St Germain
      • Austria
        • Reparations not set due to bankruptcy
        • Army restricted to 30 000 men
        • Territory lost  to Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
    • The Treaty of Sèvres
      • Turkey
        • Reparations are not set.
        • Army restricted to 50 000 men
        • Territory lost to Greece. Syria becomes French mandate. Empire given to Britain and France
    • The Treaty of Neuilly
      • Bulgaria
        • Reparations set to £90 million
        • Army restricted to 20 000 men
        • Territory lost to Greece, Romania and Yugoslavia
    • The Treaty of Trianon
      • Hungary
        • Reparations not set as the economy was too weak
        • Army restricted to 35 000 men
        • Territory lost to Romania, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia

Comments

Amanda

Really useful resource, thanks! :)

Miss E

A very well summarised and laid out mind map on all of the treaties signed at the Paris Peace conference. You need to know about them all of course, although Versailles is the most important. This is a good way to memorise information about all 5 but remember to revise the Treaty of Versailles even more thoroughly.

dominicparry01

Reuben agrees

dominicparry01

wait no he doesn't

dominicparry01

Reuben cuums does not agree

HarryRoissetter

Very useful resource! Thanks!

dominicparry01

!sknaht !ecruoser lufesu yrev

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