Treaty of Versailles

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 15-05-13 13:21
View mindmap
  • The Paris Peace Treaties
    • Versailles 1919
      • The Allies, and 32 other countries took part, but none of the defeated countries (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey or Bulgaria) were resented
      • The conference was held in the country must affected by the war, which influenced the peacemakers
      • The USSR was left out of the conference, as it had broken its alliance with the Allies, making its own peace
      • The treaty affecting Germany the most was worked out by the representatives of Britain and France, and USA
    • The Allies
      • Georges Clemenceau had seen Germany invade France twice, and wanted to cripple Germany, so hat it would never happen again
        • They needed reparations to pay for rebuilding war damage, and paying widows and injured soldiers pensions
          • David Llloyd George, won a sweeping election in 1918. Many successful candidates had promised to punish Germany. However, he felt that too severe terms could lead to another war. He wanted to increase the British Empire by taking some of Germany's overseas colonies
      • David Llloyd George, won a sweeping election in 1918. Many successful candidates had promised to punish Germany. However, he felt that too severe terms could lead to another war. He wanted to increase the British Empire by taking some of Germany's overseas colonies
      • Thomas Woodrow Wilson put forward 14 idealistic points in January 1918, USA had suffered less in the war, and needed less reparations
        • He wanted: self-determination, free trade, disarmament, League of Nations
    • Treaty of Versailles
      • Territory
        • Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France
        • 50km strip of the left bank of the Rhineland was to be demilitarised and occupied by Allied forces
        • The Saar was given to France, after 15 years a plebiscite would be hed
        • Poland became an independent country. Upper-Silesia and the Polish corridor were given to Poland
        • Danzig was made a free-city to give Poland access to the sea
        • Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania became independent territory
        • Belgium received Eupen and Malmedy
      • Colonies
        • Tanganyika became British mandate
        • Cameroons became French mandate
        • South-west Africa became South African mandate
        • German pacific islands became Japanese mandate
      • Armed forces
        • German army was cut down to 100 000 men, No conscription.
        • German navy reduced to max. 36 ships, of which 6 could be battleships
        • Germany was allowed no tanks, submarines, or aircrafts
        • Anschluss  was banned
      • Article 231, Germany had to accept war guilt
        • Germany would have to pay reparation due to war guilt, decided in 1921 to be32 billion gold marks

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »