The Old Poor Law

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  • Created by: Isabella
  • Created on: 17-04-13 17:25
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  • The Old Poor Law- Collective term for a set of concerning poverty, starting in 1601
    • Relief systems
      • Outdoor  relief
        • Labour rate
          • Landowners who took on unemployed workers at a wage set by the parish
          • Were extempt from paying the poor rate
        • Roundsman system
          • Landowners who employed   unemployed workers
          • Could pay  them what they liked
          • Then the Parish would supplement the wages
        • Speenhamaland
          • Subsidies low wages
          • Based on the  price of the bread and the size of your family
          • Originated in Berkshire, 1795
      • Indoor relief
        • Receiving relief in an instution
        • Poor house- impotent poor
        • Workhouse- able bodied poor who wanted to work but couldn't find work
        • House of Correction- idle poor
    • Key terms
      • Overseer  of the Poor
        • Local land owner who administered poor relief
      • Proletariat
        • Lowest class in society
      • Poor  house
        • Institution where deserving poor are sent
      • Undeserving poor
        • Poors who  did not "deserve" to receive relief, drunkards etc.
      • Work house
        • Where undeserving poor are sent
      • Deserving poor
        • Poors who deserved help, like widows or orphans
      • Laissez faire
        • Principle taken by the 19th Century Government, means Government not getting involved in people's affairs.
    • Important Acts
      • 1667 Settlement Law
        • Strangers  could be denied entry to  a parish
        • Unless they had a  Settlement Certificate
        • Stating that their parish of origin would take them back if they needed relief
      • 1662 Settlement Law
        • On asking for  relief, individuals could be returned to the parish of their birth to receive
      • Knatchbull's Act 1722
        • Parishes could buy building to use as workhouses
        • And  could make entry to a workhouse for obtaining relief
      • 1601 Elizabethan Poor Act
        • Parishes become administrative unit for raising money for the poor
        • And giving poor relief
        • Repression/punishment abandoned for  assitance
      • Gilbert's  Act 1782
        • Parishes could combine to build a workhouse
        • To share the cost of relief
        • But these were only used for the impotent poor


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