The Nazis Regime: What Was it Like to Live in Nazi Germany?

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  • The Nazis Regime: What Was it Like to Live in Nazi Germany?
    • What Was the Purpose of the Hitler Youth?
      • Boys
        • Hitler Youth
          • Fourteen and upwards
          • Compulsory from 1939
          • Military-style uniforms
          • Engaged in lots of physical activities
          • Prepared to be soldiers
      • Girls
        • League of German Nations
          • Fourteen and upwards
          • Trained in domestic skills like sewing
          • Prepared to be mothers and wives
      • Education
        • Schools started teaching Nazi propaganda
        • Jews were banned from teaching in schools and universities
        • Most teachers joined the Nazi Teachers Association and were trained in Nazi methods
          • Children had to report teachers who did not use them
        • Subjects like History and Biology were rewritten to fit in with Nazi ideology
          • Aryans are the supreme race
          • Anti-Semitism
          • Jews and Communists are to blame for defeat in WWI
    • How Successful were Nazi Policies Towards Women and the Family?
      • A woman's sole purpose was to bare children and to support their families at home
        • The Nazis didn't want to give women freedom
        • The League of German Maidens spread ideas that it was an honour to produce a large family
          • Women were given awards for doing this
        • At school, girls would learn subjects like cookery
        • It was stressed that they should choose 'Aryan' husbands
        • Women were banned from being lawyers in 1936 and the Nazis did their best to stop them following other professions
        • The shortage of workers after 1937 meant some women had to go back to work - many Nazis did not like this
    • Were Most People Better Off Under Nazi Rule?
      • Hitler Gave Work to Six Million Unemployed
        • Hitler started a huge programme of public works, which gave work to thousands of people
        • From 1933, huge motorways, Autobahns, were started - unemployment fell dramatically
        • The Nazis did fiddle with the statistics however - leaving out Jews and women
          • 'Invisible Unemployment'
      • People Were Encouraged to Work by Rewards
        • All men between 18 and 25 could be recited into the National Labour Service and given jobs
        • The Nazis ditched trade unions - instead workers could join the Nazi Labour Front
        • 'Strength Through Joy'
          • A scheme which provided workers with cheap holidays and leisure activities
        • 'Beauty of Labour'
          • A scheme encouraging factory owners to improve conditions for their workers
        • The introduction of the Volkswagen (the people's car) was an ambition for people to aim for
        • Output increased dramatically and unemployment wads almost completely ended
          • Wages were still low however and workers weren't allowed to strike or campaign for better conditions
      • Rearmament
        • Secretly at first, as it was banned under TTOV
        • Generals were replaced with Nazi supporters
          • Hermann Goering was in command of the Luftwaffe
        • 1935 - conscription is reintroduced
        • 1936 - 'Four Year Plan'
          • Industry production increased
          • Workers had to retrain in jobs that would help the war effort
          • Germany had to be self-sufficient
    • How Did the Coming of the War Change Life in Germany?
      • Transition to War Economy
        • More men drafted into the army, so women had to go back to work, especially after 1941 during the Russian campaign
        • 1942 - Albert Speer appointed Minister of Armaments
          • Weapons production tripled
        • Slave labour from conquered countries contributed to war effort
        • Industries which weren't related to the war effort were neglected
        • German society suffered during the war. Many were killed from Allied bombings
          • It was soon a lot harder to turn a blind eye to the bad side of Nazism

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