The Nature and Measurement of Crime

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  • The Nature and Measurement of Crim
    • Defining Crime
      • Croal (1998)
        • Something which is against the criminal law.
      • Williams (1991)
        • A wrong to society involving the breach of a legal rule.
      • Kirby et al (2000)
        • Behaviour that breaks the formal written laws of a society
    • Hollin's three main approaches to defining crime
      • Conflict View
        • Sociological view based on Marx. The law benefits some individuals far more than others. It seeks to protect and benefit the powerful from the rest of the population.
      • Consensus View
        • laws are based on an agreement to what behaviour is acceptable or unacceptable. The legal system ensures equal benefits for all
      • Interactionist View
        • There are no right and wrong because these depend of the meanings individuals give them
        • This falls inbetween the consensus and conflict views.
        • E.g. euthanasia is illegal in the UK. Some would like to see it decriminalised. It's concerned with how legal rules adapt to changing moral values
    • Problems with defining crime
      • Politics/Laws
      • Culture
        • Differences in what constitutes as a crime
          • abortion, homosexuality, polygamy, alcohol, adultery
      • Intent
      • Historical Period
        • Homosexuality was illegal from 1885 to 1967.


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