The NG. Baldwin and Chamberlain 1935-1940

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  • Created by: Kimmy
  • Created on: 30-05-13 11:36
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  • The National Government. Baldwin: 1935 - 1937 and Chamberlain: 1937-1940
    • ACTS/ things introduced
      • Special Areas Act 1935
        • Made £2m available to depressed areas in Britain
      • Rearmament introduced
    • Social
      • 44,000 workers encouraged to move to other towns
      • 30,000 men found places on retraining courses
      • Unemployment assistance instead of "dole"
        • Economy
          • GB industrial production up 11% 1935 compared with 1929
          • Low interest rates - down 2% until 1939
          • 10% reduction on unemployment benefit
          • govt. controlled salaries
          • Chamberlain supported stimulating private enterprise
    • Economy
      • GB industrial production up 11% 1935 compared with 1929
      • Low interest rates - down 2% until 1939
      • 10% reduction on unemployment benefit
      • govt. controlled salaries
      • Chamberlain supported stimulating private enterprise
    • Political
      • The Abdication Crisis of 1936
        • Baldwin - significant political skill
          • BBC 4 DOCUMENTARY: Baldwin's greatest triamph
          • PEARCE: (Baldwin remained) highly trusted.
          • managed to uphold core traditional principles
            • important for him and other members of the Con. party
        • had extreme political sensitivity
          • Edward VIII knew nothing of plans
          • ensured tabloids printed nothing until final few weeks
        • Significant opposition against Baldwin
          • some MPs in favour of marriage
          • the public in favour of King
      • The Fall of Neville Chamberlain
        • Outbreak of war 1939: Personal disaster for Chamberlain
          • PEARCE: had pursued peace with devotion and determination
        • introduced > gas masks > conscription > rationing 1940
          • AJP: Govt. still moving into the war backwards with their eyes tightly closed
        • Lack of military initiative
        • 1m still unemployed
        • NORWAY
          • Foreign Policy
            • Appeasement
              • warnings from Churchill  - Baldwin/Chamberlain - no overwhelming concern
              • Germany not as bad as Russia
                • PEARCE: The lesser of two evils
              • militarily weak - no investment
              • German trade important for GB
            • Disarmament: 10 year rule - no investment in the armed forces post WW1
              • militarily weak - no investment
            • Public perception: >Grateful when war averted. > didn't want war
            • The Guilty Men: Chamberlainand close MPs (Halifax) who supported appeasement
              • Appeasement
                • warnings from Churchill  - Baldwin/Chamberlain - no overwhelming concern
                • Germany not as bad as Russia
                  • PEARCE: The lesser of two evils
                • German trade important for GB
          • GB intervened when Germany occupied Denmark. Poor planning, uncoordinated had to withdraw
          • Chamberlain resigns
    • Foreign Policy
      • Disarmament: 10 year rule - no investment in the armed forces post WW1
        • Public perception: >Grateful when war averted. > didn't want war
        • The Guilty Men: Chamberlainand close MPs (Halifax) who supported appeasement

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