Childhood: The modern Western notion of Childhood

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  • The modern Western notion of childhood
    • Childhood is a special time that is fundamentally different from adults
    • Children's lack of skills/knowledge/experience means they need protected period of nurturing and socialisation
    • Jane Pilcher (1955): Most important feature of modern childhood is seperateness
      • Children in our society occupy different status than adults.
      • Example: different dress/food/services ect
        • Children in our society occupy different status than adults.
      • Adults provide for/protect children
      • Childhood seen as a "golden age" of happiness/innocence
      • Children's lives are largely within sphere of family/education
    • Stephen Wagg (1922):
      • "Childhood is socially constructed. In other words, what members of particular societies, at particular times and at particular places, say it is. There is no single, universal childhood, experienced by all. So, childhood isn't ,"natural," and should be distinguished from mere biological immaturity."

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