The League of Nations- Weakness and Strengths

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  • The League of Nations
    • Strenghts
      • The League Commission played an important role in various parts of the world in making real improvements to people's lives
        • Health Commission played a large amount part in defeating leprosy
        • The International Labour Organisation campaigned hard to elimintate slavery
      • In 1921 League successfully resolved the Aaland Islands Crisis
        • League decided the islands go to Finland
      • 1925 Greece invaded Bulgaria
        • Greece agreed to withdraw from Bulgaria
    • Weaknesses
      • League had organisational weaknesses
        • Council was not good at making decisions
          • Before the Greta Depression the League failed to resolve some import international disputes
      • Vilna crisis 1920
        • Poland invaded Lithuania
          • They argued and said there were a large number of Poles living in Vilna
        • League complained to Poland
          • Poland refused to withdraw
      • The League failed to persuade countries of Europe to disarm
        • French in particular
          • Terrified that Germany might one day rearm
  • The USA did not join the League
    • President Wilson was determined to join, the congress refused
      • Refused because US public opinion was strongly against joining
    • Weaknesses
      • League had organisational weaknesses
        • Council was not good at making decisions
          • Before the Greta Depression the League failed to resolve some import international disputes
      • Vilna crisis 1920
        • Poland invaded Lithuania
          • They argued and said there were a large number of Poles living in Vilna
        • League complained to Poland
          • Poland refused to withdraw
      • The League failed to persuade countries of Europe to disarm
        • French in particular
          • Terrified that Germany might one day rearm
    • Feared that the League members would call upon to take collective action in defence of other countries
    • Had enough fighting in WW1 and didnt want to feel obliged to get involved in European wars in future
    • Feared the League might introduce sanctions
      • Would effect US trade
        • The USA after WW1 was one of the most important trading and military powers
    • USA was a nation of immigrants
      • Many came from Germany and they were angry with the Treaty of Versailles

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