League of Nations 1930s

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  • Created on: 16-02-13 18:41
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  • The League of Nations 1930s
    • Impact of the Depression
      • Britain suffered high unemployment. It did not want to help sort out international disputes while its own economy was suffering.
      • Threatened destruction of Japan's industry therefore led to the Manchurian Crisis.
      • Economic problems in Italy encouraged Mussolini to build overseas empires, leading to the Abyssinian Crisis.
      • USA did not want to support economic sanctions while its own trade was in chaos.
      • Unemployment and poverty in Germany led to the election of the Nazis who were open about their plan to overturn the TofV.
      • France were worried about the changing situation in Germany so began to build a series of frontier defences on its border with G.
      • Damaged the trade and industry of all countries and affected relations between them therefore making the League's work much more difficult.
    • Manchurian Crisis 1931-33
      • Japan wanted control of M because China had excellent access to natural resources
      • Invaded under the reason that M property and population had been "attacked" by C- bomb planted on M railway
      • League sent officials who took a year to compile report, voted J return M
      • J does not withdraw troops and in response resigns from the League
    • Abyssinian Crisis 1935-36
      • Encouraged by Manchurian crisis, M decides to invade A and demand extensive territories there
      • Abyssinia had raw materials and was located conveniently next to Eritrea, part of the Italian empire
      • A appealed to the League but Britain was more concerned about keeping I as a friend against Germany
      • Mussolini wanted to increase Italian empire
      • In the end, League did nothing. This made them look weak because they were seen to have been giving in to aggression
    • Why the disarmament conference failed
      • France and Germany could not agree, F wanted to be sure that if they reduced armed forces they would not be threatened by G
      • G wanted TofV terms, which restricted the size of their armed forces, abolished
      • Doomed from the start- disarmament had always been difficult
      • None of countries were serious about disarming
      • Each country had its own interests in mind
      • Many British agreed that TofV was unfair
    • 1936- Hitler remilitarises the Rhineland


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