The Korean War

Key dates on the Korean War, taken from the Edexcel revision guide 'Ideology, Conflict and Retreat: The USA in Asia 1950-1973'

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  • Created by: Lyyam
  • Created on: 13-05-14 08:48
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  • The Korean War
    • Power and ideas
      • 1945
        • Truman takes over as US president on the death of Roosevelt: April
        • Atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan: 6 August
        • Japan formally surrenders; US occupies Japan: 2 September
      • 1946
        • Civil war in China between the Communists and the Nationalists
        • Republicans gain control of US congress
      • 1947
        • Truman announces aid for Greece and the Truman Doctrine
        • National Security Act passed
      • 1948
        • Berlin Blockade begins:  June
        • President Truman narrowly re-elected
      • 1949
        • USSR ends the Berlin Blockade: May
        • USSR tests first atom bomb: September
        • Mao Zedong proclaims the People's Republic of China: October
      • 1950
        • US State Department official Alger Hiss accused of being a Soviet spy and found guilty of perjury: January
        • Soviet-Chinese Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance signed: February
        • NSC 68 produced: April
        • North Korea invades South Korea: June
    • The origins of the Korean War
      • Korea falls under Japanese control following the Russo-Japanese war: 1905
      • Korea formally annexed to Japan: 1910
      • 1945
        • 38th parallel accepted by the USA and USSR as a dividing line between North and South Korea: August
        • Moscow Accords signed: December
      • UN Commission on Korea to oversee elections: 1947
      • 1948
        • North Korean People's Army established: February
        • Elections in South Korea: May
        • Republic of South Korea (ROK) established with Syngman Rhee as president: August
        • Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) established, headed by Kim Il Sung: September
        • Last Soviet troops leave North Korea: December
      • 1949
        • Kim Il Sung goes to Moscow to ask for military aid; Stalin agrees to send armaments to North Korea: March
        • US troops leave South Korea: September
      • 1950
        • Acheson's Press Club speech outlines US defence perimeter: January
        • Soviet-Chinese Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance signed: February
        • Kim Il Sung goes to Moscow to obtain the USSR's approval for the invasion of South Korea: April
    • The Course of the Korean War
      • 1950
        • North Korea invades South Korea: 25 June
        • First encounters of US troops with North Korean Army: July
        • Fierce attacks on Pusan Perimeter: August/September
        • Inchon landing outflanks North Korean foces: 15 September
        • Invasion of North Korea; Pyongyang captured: October
        • Chinese launch limited offensive near border: October
        • Massive Chinese attack on UN forces in North Korea: November
        • Chinese move through North Korea and push south of the 38th parallel: December
        • General Walker killed; replaced by General Matthew Ridgeway: December
      • 1951
        • Chinese occupy Seoul: January
        • Chinese advance stopped and forced back; Seoul recaptured: February/March
        • MacArthur sacked as Supreme US Commander: April
        • USA, Russia and China indicate willingness for ceasefire: June
      • 1952
        • Lengthy arguments over POWs hold up peace
        • US begins heavy bombing of North Korea: June
        • Eisenhower elected president: November
      • 1953
        • Eisenhower takes over from Truman: January
        • Stalin dies: March
        • Armistice signed at Panmunjom: July
    • The consequences of the Korean War
      • 1950
        • First US supplies reach the French in Vietnam: June
        • Increasing number of US orders for Japanese industry: June
      • 1951
        • US-Japanese Security Treaty. Formal peace treaty signed
        • Seven CIA stations established abroad
      • 1952
        • Anti-communist paranoia at its height in USA
        • Eisenhower elected President: November
      • 1953
        • John Foster Dulles appointed secretary of state: January
        • 47 CIA stations abroad
        • Japan creates Self Defence Force
      • 1954
        • Defensive treaty between South Korea and USA ratified by Senate: January

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