The job of a psychoanalyst

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • The job of a psychoanalyst
    • They work with people with mental health issues (e.g. OCD, phobias or anxiety).
    • There are different types of psychotherapy including - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), humanistic therapy, general counselling and hypnotherapy, but psychoanalysis is specific to Freud's ideas.
    • The psychoanalyst listens and observes, focusing on emotions that the patient shows.
    • They work with clients individually and gather both verbal and non-verbal information. After gathering the information, they then help the person to understand their emotions.
    • The analyst records the information from each session carefully.
    • They tend to work part-time, rather than full-time, and don't usually work weekends and evenings, but can do so.
    • The client usually undergoes analysis about 4 times a week, each session lasts just under an hour.
    • The analysis takes place in a quiet and comfortable room so that the patient can relax and feel able to talk freely.
    • The patient is often settled comfortably on a couch and the analyst behind them, out of sight, so as not to affect the clients flow of information,
    • Each session costs about £50, so the treatment is quite expensive.
    • Unlikely that the psychoanalyst would be available through the NHS or that funding would be available, so patients have to pay for treatment themselves.
    • During dream analysis - patient describes and talks about their dreams. The analyst uses this information such as data from free association, information from the clients background and current situation.
    • Dream analysis is not always used. Transference and Countertransference have more focus, revealing things about the client just as other methods do.
      • Transference - describes the way a client will transfer their emotions (love, hate or anger) onto the analyst - who must be prepared for this.
      • Countertransference is the word used for the way an analyst is likely, in turn, to transfer their own feelings back onto the client.
      • By recognising which emotions are being transferred onto them, they can find out what emotions are involved in any possible problems the client has.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Perception resources »