The Impact of the Treaty of Versailles

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  • The Impact of the Treaty of Versailles
    • Terms of the Treaty
      • Germany had to pay £6,600 million in Reparations
      • Germany lost all 11 of its colonies in Africa and the Far East.
        • Alsace and Lorraine lost to France; Eupen and Malmedy lost to Belgium; Posen and West Prussia lost to Poland, leaving East Prussia isolated; Upper Silesia publicly voted to join Poland and Northern Schelswig voted to become part of Denamark; Danzig was made an internationally free city; Saar lost to France for 15 years.
          • Altogether Germany lost about 13% of its European Territory and almost 50% of its Iron and 15% of its coal reserves.
      • German military cut: Army limited to 100,000; Navy limited to 6 cruisers, 12 destroyers and 12 Torpedo boats (no submarines); No Air-Force whatsoever. The Rhineland became a De-militarised zone.
    • "Dolchstoss"- The Stab in the Back
      • People in Germany believed the war was not a defeat; it just had not been won. Because of this, the people of Germany were resentful to the politiicans that signed the treaty and brandished them 'November Criminals'.
        • The notion of 'November Criminals' stayed with the Weimar Republic for a long time, weakening its popularity. Long term effects were that it caused lasting political protest and it harmed Germany's economy.

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