Six things that affected people in Britain during WW1.

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  • Six things that affected people in Britain during WW1.
    • Recruitment
      • There was a huge poster campaign to join up, and the government had to introduce conscription in 1916
      • Conscientious objectors could be imprisoned.
      • Women were recruited in the armed forces as nurses, drivers cooks and telephonists
    • The Defence of the Realm Act (DORA)
      • This was passed in August 1914.
        • The government worked with the trade unions to prevent strikes.
      • DORA allowed the government the take over the coal mines, railways and shipping.
      • Lloyd George became Minister of Munitions to set up state-run munitions in factories.
    • Reduced workforce
      • There were fewer workers because so many men left to join the army.
    • Rationing
      • A fixed allowance for sugar, butter, meat, jam and tea was introduced in 1918
      • British summer time was also introduced to give more daylight working hours.
    • Propaganda
      • Newspapers and soldiers' letters were censored.
      • 'The Tribunal' (a pacifist newspaper) was shut down, and lies were made up about German atrocities.
      • Posters encouraged morale.
      • The film 'The Somme' was a semi-successful attempt at using film for propaganda because the graphic nature of seeing the men die upset many viewers.
    • Civilian Casualties
      • 57 zeppelin bombing raids after 1915, the German navy shelled Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough


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