The Great Terror

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 04-01-14 13:04
View mindmap
  • The Great Terror (1936 // 1938)
    • Trial of the sixteen
    • Trial of the seventeen
      • 1937
        • trotskys former allies
          • charges were based upon plotting with foreign allies, terrorism, sabotage amd contact with trotsky
    • NKVD
      • Between 1936 and 1937 there was a regeneration of the NKVD
        • Yagoda was replaced by Yezhov
          • new less restraine agents were brought in - more radical
      • Yagoda
        • Yagoda was replaced by Yezhov
          • new less restraine agents were brought in - more radical
        • stalin didnt trust yagoda and felt he was firm enough
          • tought in the trial of the 16 yagoda had allowed tomsky to commit suicide before his trial could go through
        • yezhov played on stalins suspicions and made stalin get rid of yagoda, leaving yezshov to take over
          • yagoda was sentenced to death in the trial of 21
            • trial of the twenty one
              • 1938
                • trial of bukharin and rykov and their accomplaices
                  • accused of attempting to overthrow socialism / murder of kirov
      • After Yagoda was removed stalin announced that the NKVD were 4 years behind and targets for arrests were set this meant many party members who still showed loyalty to bukharin were purged
        • purges and mass mrder were now a target to be reached, the purges were targetted at wiping out newer members who showed unreliable elements - this period was known as 'YEZOHVSHCHINA'
        • Like teh 5YP targets were overfulfilled
          • in 1934 to 38 330,000 party members convicted of being enemies of the people and in june 1937 8 army generals were tried and 34,000 soldiers purged
            • mass murder which is comparible to that of a major war
              • NKVD Order no.00447
                • demanded the removal of anti soviet elements
                  • a list of 250,000 people was produced
                    • led to thousands of russians denouncing their friends and family in order to appear loyal to stalin and avoid becoming an enemy of the people
  • 1936
    • Trial of the sixteen
    • both zinoviev and kamenev were shot after the trial
      • 43 other high ranking communists 'dissappeared' around this time, with no trial
  • Zinoviev and Zaminev along with 14 other comrades had been in prison for a year before the trial
    • 1936
      • both zinoviev and kamenev were shot after the trial
        • 43 other high ranking communists 'dissappeared' around this time, with no trial
  • charged with Kirov murder (murdered December 1934)
    • Zinoviev and Zaminev along with 14 other comrades had been in prison for a year before the trial
    • also charged witnh plotting to disrupt the 5YP and trying to overthrow the government
      • charged with Kirov murder (murdered December 1934)
      • Trial of the seventeen
        • 1937
          • trotskys former allies
            • charges were based upon plotting with foreign allies, terrorism, sabotage amd contact with trotsky
      • yezhovs conveyor belt system of interrogation was first seen here : torture / sleep deprovation / questioning
        • 13 were killed / 4 sent to gulags
      • trial of the twenty one
        • 1938
          • trial of bukharin and rykov and their accomplaices
            • accused of attempting to overthrow socialism / murder of kirov
      • bukharin was charged of trying to assassinate lenin
        • bukharin confessed to political responsibility but did not accept guilt for any of the events that actually happened
      • bukharin was never tortured stalin just threatened to execute his wife and baby
        • bukharin was charged of trying to assassinate lenin
          • bukharin confessed to political responsibility but did not accept guilt for any of the events that actually happened
      • bukharin and rykov were shot - they did not grovel or weep they stood up cursing stalin

        Comments

        No comments have yet been made

        Similar History resources:

        See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »