The Great Choral Classics

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  • The Great Choral Classics
  • Then
    • The Great Choral Classics
    • In the  Renaissance and Baroque times, most choral music was for church.
      • In Catholic churches, masses were sung as part of the service. A requiem was mass for the dead
      • Oratorios are Bible stories set to music.
        • Bach and Handel became famous for their masses and oratorios
          • In Catholic churches, masses were sung as part of the service. A requiem was mass for the dead
        • Handel's Messiah is a famous oratorio which tells the story of Jesus' life
      • Choruses in operas were the main non-secular choral music. Operas told love stories and were performed onstage. The chorus explained what was going on
  • Now
    • 20th and 21st century choirs are smaller, with 80-130 members.
    • 20th century choral works are written for chamber choir and orchestra, which means they are smaller and performed in rooms or chambers rather than concert halls
      • Chamber choirs have 20-25 members and may have been a reaction against 19th century composers who composed pieces for massive choirs
      • Professional choirs perform in concert halls, and amateur choirs perform in school halls or churches, even if they are not religious
    • Composers like Schoenberg, Messiaen and Penderecki experimented with atonal music, discordant sounds and clashing harmonies. These were difficult to sing and listen to

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