The First Irish Land Act 1870

Also known as the failed Irish Land Act 1870. A basic summary of this bill!

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  • The First Irish Land Act 1870
    • Was an attempt to give some sort of protection to Irish tenants.
      • The courts were made to make sure that the Landlord did not charge high/exorbitant rents
        • The First Irish Land Act 1870
          • Was an attempt to give some sort of protection to Irish tenants.
            • The courts were made to make sure that the Landlord did not charge high/exorbitant rents
              • This meant that any farmer who had been evicted (even for non-payment of rent) but had done improvements to his land, was entitled to compensation.
                • What was the result?
                  • The Act was almost a complete and utter failure
                    • It did niot define how high exorbitant rent was
                      • So landlords charged ridicoulsy high amounts and then evict their tenants for non-payment
                        • The legal system and the landlords seemed to bewith the latter supporting the former
                          • If a case was ruled in a tenats favour, they'd recieve very little compensation
                            • Very few farmers could afford a lawyer to represent them in a  claim against their former landlord, however.
                    • Far from solving the land issue, it only served to dash expecations and arose more ill-feeling
                      • This caused frustration > leading to further violence and outrage in the countryside
                    • However!
                      • The land law was symbolic that someone in the highest authority was doing something for Ireland, and any measure could be built
                • How did people respond?
                  • Further  frustrated invdivuals who were hoping for security of tenure which was not provided by  the Act
                  • Oppostion from cabient
                    • Whig landoweners such as Argyll and Clarendon
                      • Who basically felt as though their interests were being threanted
                        • If a more radical bill was put forward, it would niot have passed the House of Lords
            • This meant that any farmer who had been evicted (even for non-payment of rent) but had done improvements to his land, was entitled to compensation.
              • What was the result?
                • The Act was almost a complete and utter failure
                  • It did niot define how high exorbitant rent was
                    • So landlords charged ridicoulsy high amounts and then evict their tenants for non-payment
                      • The legal system and the landlords seemed to bewith the latter supporting the former
                        • If a case was ruled in a tenats favour, they'd recieve very little compensation
                          • Very few farmers could afford a lawyer to represent them in a  claim against their former landlord, however.
                  • Far from solving the land issue, it only served to dash expecations and arose more ill-feeling
                    • This caused frustration > leading to further violence and outrage in the countryside
                  • However!
                    • The land law was symbolic that someone in the highest authority was doing something for Ireland, and any measure could be built
              • How did people respond?
                • Further  frustrated invdivuals who were hoping for security of tenure which was not provided by  the Act
                • Oppostion from cabient
                  • Whig landoweners such as Argyll and Clarendon
                    • Who basically felt as though their interests were being threanted
                      • If a more radical bill was put forward, it would niot have passed the House of Lords

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