The Cosmologcial Argument

Outline of the cosmological argument

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  • Created by: Chiangy14
  • Created on: 06-01-15 20:16
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  • The Cosmologcial Argument
    • Overveiw
      • In favour of the existence of god
      • Inductive - Aims to persudade
        • Not deductive meaning it cannot prove its conclusion
          • Conclusion is that the cause of the universe is what we call God
            • In favour of the existence of god
        • Deductive - Conclusion can be drawn from a set of premises. Not other information
      • 'A posteriori' - Based on looking at evidence in the world around us
        • 'A prori' - Based on knowledge or justification is independent of experience
      • Why is there a universe at all?
    • St Thomas Aquinus
      • 13th Century monk
      • Summa Theologica
        • 5 ways/ 5 demonstrations in the rationality of belief of God
          • 2. Motion
          • 1. Causes
          • 3. Contingency
            • 1. Things in the world that are  either in motion, caused or contingent.
              • 2. Motion
              • 1. Causes
              • 2. These things require something else to move,cause, create them and so on
                • This chain of movement, causation and contingency can't go back for ever
                  • They all meet at something that is necessary.
                    • Unmoved mover
                    • Uncasued cause
                    • Uncreated being
            • Their existence is dependent on something  else, didn't create themselves!
          • Other two do not matter in the cosmological argument
      • Wrote famous books
        • Summa Theologica
          • 5 ways/ 5 demonstrations in the rationality of belief of God
            • 3. Contingency
              • 1. Things in the world that are  either in motion, caused or contingent.
                • 2. These things require something else to move,cause, create them and so on
                  • This chain of movement, causation and contingency can't go back for ever
                    • They all meet at something that is necessary.
                      • Unmoved mover
                      • Uncasued cause
                      • Uncreated being
              • Their existence is dependent on something  else, didn't create themselves!
            • Other two do not matter in the cosmological argument
    • Causation
      • What caused me?
        • My parents
          • What caused my parents?
            • So on and so forth
      • law of cause and effect
      • In the theory of evolution heading back  through time what caused the original start(the big bang)?
        • Cant go on forever and must be a first causes separate from the universe
          • Not part of the universe although for this to happen there must be three criteria
            • Not physical
              • Spiritual
            • Not time-bound
              • Eternal
            • Not-caused
              • Necassary
      • Reject infinite regress - which is that the universe has always existed and had not been created, somehow.
    • Copleston Vs Russell
      • Copleston used Aquinas' 3rd way
        • Things exist in the universe that are contingent
          • Dependant on something else
        • The universe is made entirely from contingent things
        • The universe in which everything is contingent means that the universe itself is contingent but has no but does not contain within itself the reason for its own existence
        • The universe need an external explanation which is an existent being which itself is self explanatory
          • a being that must but cannon-not exist
            • Necessary being which must be God
      • Russell
        • Universe is self coherent does not need a external explanation
          • Self coherent - The universe is logical and consists by itself. Doesn't need any proof or evidence from elsewhere
        • The universe is brute fact
        • 'the universe is just there, and that's all'
        • Possible to accept infinite regress
          • Not impossible it has a infinite future and past
        • since each human has a mother then mother race has a mother
          • Copleston's argument has holes in it
  • God
    • Necassary
    • Eternal
    • Spiritual
    • First cause is God
  • God
    • Copleston Vs Russell
      • Copleston used Aquinas' 3rd way
        • Things exist in the universe that are contingent
          • Dependant on something else
        • The universe is made entirely from contingent things
        • The universe in which everything is contingent means that the universe itself is contingent but has no but does not contain within itself the reason for its own existence
        • The universe need an external explanation which is an existent being which itself is self explanatory
          • a being that must but cannon-not exist
            • Necessary being which must be God
      • Russell
        • Universe is self coherent does not need a external explanation
          • Self coherent - The universe is logical and consists by itself. Doesn't need any proof or evidence from elsewhere
        • The universe is brute fact
        • 'the universe is just there, and that's all'
        • Possible to accept infinite regress
          • Not impossible it has a infinite future and past
        • since each human has a mother then mother race has a mother
          • Copleston's argument has holes in it

    Comments

    ZAINS1

    Good

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