The Conservative gov. of 1922-3 - Bonar Law

Mind map for the Conservative government of 1922-3

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  • Created by: Millie
  • Created on: 07-03-13 16:28
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  • The Conservative government of 1922-1923
    • The King called on Bonar Law after the fall of Lloyd George to form a governement. He led the party for 8 months then resigned because of illness.
      • Curzon agreed to stay at the foreign office
        • Bonar  Law's aim was to adopt a policy of 'tranquillity and stability both at home and abroad '
      • Bonar Law wanted Baldwin to be the chancellor of the Exchequer
      • He included 7 peers in his 16-man cabinet. It was dubbed ' the second eleven'
    • Bonar Law was succeeded by Stanley Baldwin
      • Baldwin decided to call a general election over the issue of tariff reform in December 1923 and it was a bad call. The Conservatives lost.
        • April 1923 BL's health was getting worse
          • The most suitable at first seemed to be Lord Curzon. He  had been a succesful Foreign secutary since 1919. He was intelligent and he was also a hard worker. Bad= arrogant and overbearing + He was a Lord ( peer)
          • The King chose Baldwin in the end. Curzon wasn't happy
            • Mistook memorandum for saying that Baldwin was liked by everyone in the House of Commons and that he typified the Conservative spirit
              • It wasn't from Bonar Law,but was actually from his secretary
    • The sudden decline of the Liberals left the way open for the Labour Party to become the opposition  in a period where the Conservatives  were dominating
    • In the 1922 general election the Conservatives won 354 seats. The Liberals won 116 seats. Labour won 142 seats.
      • Because of  the FPTP system the Conservatives had a 77 seat majority over the other parties.
    • Policies.
      • The 'garden suburb' was abolished by the minister of health- Neville Chamberlain
      • Introduction  of Legislation to encourage local councils to build more houses. A subsidy of £6 a year for 20 years was given by central gov. for each new house completed.)
    • Foreign affairs
      • Curzon substituted the treaty of Lausanne for the Treaty of Sevres, which the Turks had hated so much
      • Jan 1923-  The French occupied the Ruhr in Germany and did not approve of France's actions and  so Anglo-French relations were not good
      • Dec 1922  the Chancellor of the Exchequer went to the US to try to negotiate a reduction of British wartime debt
        • He failed and it was decided that Britain would pay off the full deby for 62 years with 3% interest each year

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