Psych AS Cognitive Interview

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  • The cognitive interview
    • questioning technique used by the police to enhance retrieval of information from the witnesses memory.
    • interviewer tries to mentally reinstate the environmental and personal context of the crime for the witnesses, by asking them about their general activities and feelings on the day
    • Recounting the incident in a different narrative order.  Geiselman & Fisher proposed that due to the recency effect, people tend to recall more recent events more clearly than others.
    • Witnesses are asked to report every detail, even if they think that detail is trivial. In this way, apparently unimportant detail might act as a trigger for key information about the event.
    • Geiselman et al
    • Witnesses are asked to report the incident from different perspective, describing what they think other witnesses (or even the criminals themselves) might have seen.


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