The Cognitive Approach - Smoking

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  • The Cognitive Approach - Smoking
    • Evaluation
      • Addiction or excess - research relating to expectancy theory concerned more with excesses than with addiction
      • Research support for influence of expectancies on relapse. Use of nicotine patches alone did not improve cessation rates - Hurt et al. Only work accompanied by CBT
      • Juliano and Brano - smokers' positive expectancies for effects of smoking do not generalise to NRT
      • Research in this area may suffer from publication bias and also problems  collecting  objective datda
    • AO1
      • Initiation - behaviour escalates into addiction because of costs and benefits. Negative mood alleviated by smoking plus expectation of positive mood states
      • Maintenance- as addiction develops, activity influenced processing. Manipulated expectations during abstinence
      • Relapse - expectations of costs and benefits of smoking affect individual's readiness to quit and likelihood of them relapsing after they have quit


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