the cognitive approach to psychopathology

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  • Created by: olm1997
  • Created on: 12-04-15 16:29
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  • The Cognitive Approach
    • Abnormality is caused by faulty thinking
      • Mental illness is the result of cognitive distortions in the way a person thinks about a problem
      • Faulty and irrational thinking prevents the individual behaving adaptively
    • The A-B-C model (Ellis, 1962)
      • A - refers to an activating event (sight of a large dog)
      • B - is the belief, which may be rational (dog is harmless)or irrational (dog will attack me)
      • C - consequence rational beliefs lead to healthy emotions and irrational beliefs lead to unhealthy emotions
    • The individual is in control
      • The cognitive model portrays the individual as being the cause of their own behaviour - unlike the other three models
    • Evaluation
      • Blames the patient - so therefore overlooks situational factors, such as life stressors
      • Consequence rather than cause - do maladaptive thoughts cause mental disorder, or does mental disorder lead to faulty thinking
      • Irrational beliefs may be realistic - Alloy and Abrahmson suggest that many people with depression actually have a more realistic view of the world


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