- The Children Act 1989 and 2004
- Was created as a consequence of the public concern following the death od Dennis O'Neill, due to child abuse.
- The 1948 Act made local authorities responsible for childcare.
- Aims to ensure that the welfare of the child was paramount.
- Also aims to work in partnership with parents to protect the child from harm.
- The Act was intended to strengthen the child's legal position and to give him/her equal rights, feelings and wishes.
- Also encouraged children to make their own decisions, to be consulted and to be kept informed about everything that would happen to them.
- The Children Act 1989 included the following:
- reforming the law relating to children
- amending the law with respect to children's homes, community home, voluntary homes and voluntary organisations
- making provision for local authority services for children in need and others
- making provision with respect to fostering, child minding and day care for young children and adoption and for connected purposes
- Childcare law was further strengthened by the Children Act 2004. This aims to further improve children's lives and gives the legal underpinning to "Every Child Matters".
- "Every Child Matters" has 5 outcomes: *being healthy *staying safe *enjoying and achieving *making a positive contribution *achieving economic well being
- The Children Act affects: *parents *foster carers *teaching staff *social workers *nursery and playgroup workers
- The Children Act is the most important piece of legislation currently affecting the provision of care services for children.
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