GEOGRAPHY The changing economy of the UK

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  • The changing economy of the UK
    • Employment sectors
      • Primary- getting raw materials from the ground
      • Secondary- making a product from raw materials
      • Tertiary- providing a service
        • increased because UK has more disposable income now so there is more need for services
      • quaternary- intellectual services such as research
        • Has increased as education has improved, more highly skilled labour
    • 1970 -now primary and secondary has decreased
      • Deiindustrialisation
        • outsourcing to developing countries- cost down
        • no investment in technology- not competitive
        • machinery increase = less people needed
    • Sunderland ship building
      • we didn't modernise
      • unemployed- poverty rise
        • New industries
    • Car making
      • Produced by UK owned by foreign investors
        • Govt incentives for foreign investors
      • Machinery rise = people drop, skilled labour with good infrastructure
      • Just in time production
    • Classifying employment
      • Zero hours contract
      • temp/ permenant
        • temp increase
      • full/part time
        • more part time now
      • average income
      • managerial/skilled/semi-skilled/unskilled
    • regional differences, north east Vs south east
      • North east
        • once heavily industrialised, now high unemploymen
        • good infrastructure means N-S transport is easy
          • Pockets of wealth in N.E eg. York
        • Dinnington
          • low pay tertiary, unskilled and part time
      • south east
        • High paid tertiary and quaternary (knowledge economy)
        • Low unemployment
        • Canary Wharfe
          • High paid knowledge economy, high skilled degree level
          • Good transport means commuters
    • Glasgow
      • de-industrialised (little Manufacture now)
        • Benefits: C02 and water use decrease, noise pollution and traffic decrease
        • drawbacks: derelict and unsightly, unemployment increase, outsourcing goods means C02 increase from transport
      • Varied economy now
    • Brownfield Vs greenfield development
      • Brownfield- preciously developed land that can be built on now, sometimes derelict eg Longbridge birmingham
        • Costs: expensive to clear land, locals priced out of the area
        • Benefits: regeneration (improving an area), crime decreased, infrastructure already there, COST down. sustainable because its already developed.
      • Greenfield- undeveloped land, sometimes GREENBELT (land around the city to stop city growth) eg Dudley west midlands
        • Benefits: less to clear, so CHEAP, easy because less to clear
        • Costs: infrastructure needed- COST, lost of green land, not susrtainable


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