The causes of the 1917 Revolution

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  • Created on: 05-05-15 17:24
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  • The Causes of the 1917 February Revolution
    • The role of the army
      • 26th February troops from the Petrograd Garrison mutinied and joined protesters
        • 25th February Cossack troops refused to fire on the demonstrators
      • Without the support of the army the Tsar has lost his final supporters making his authority much weaker, as he relied on the army to maintain power.
    • Role of the Duma
      • 26th February the Tsar dissolved the Duma.
      • Progressive Bloc - proposed change - Nicholas ignored them - Dissolves the Duma - Provisional Committee is formed
      • The committee highlighted how the Tsar was losing political influence in Petrograd
    • Mistakes made by the Tsar and Government
      • Nicholas becomes Commander in Chief of the army
        • Leaves Tsarina in charge who is German and unpopular with the Russian people
          • Affair with Rasputin, who influenced the Tsarina
        • Without the Duma this meant Nicholas received the blame for failures such as The Battle of Tannenburg
          • 26th February the Tsar dissolved the Duma.
    • Role of Protesters and strikes
      • 9th January on the anniversary of “Bloody Sunday” (one of the Tsars biggest mistakes) 140,000 workers went on strike to commemorate the massacre
      • More strikes emerged because of food shortages and poor working conditions because of WWI
      • Situation made worse by the rationing of bread 19th February - led to “panic buying” and more food shortages
        • Mistakes made by the Tsar and Government
          • Nicholas becomes Commander in Chief of the army
            • Leaves Tsarina in charge who is German and unpopular with the Russian people
              • Affair with Rasputin, who influenced the Tsarina
            • Without the Duma this meant Nicholas received the blame for failures such as The Battle of Tannenburg
        • 23rd February International Women’s Day thousands of women took to the streets of Petrograd
        • 23rd February workers at the Putilov Engineering Works went on strike
        • The workers established Soviets in order to put forward their demands
          • 1st March the Petrograd Soviet was established and ‘Order No. 1’ was issued which demanded that all officers had to be elected by their soldiers

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