Causes of the 1905 revolution

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  • The causes of the 1905 revolution.
    • Bloody Sunday- 22nd January 1905
      • In 1904 prices of essentials rose so quickly wages declined by 20%
      • 4 workers of the A of RW were dismissed Gapon called for industrial action
      • 110,000 workers went on strike, In an attempt to settle this Gapon made a petition to give to TSAR NICHOLAS II
      • Over 150,000 signed the petition, on 22ND JANURAY 1905 workers went to went to Winter palace
      • Workers were attacked by police and COSSACKS. Over 100 workers killed. Signalled THE START OF 1905 REVOLUTION
    • Russo Jaoanese war - 1904-1905
      • 1904 meant bad harvest and famine and high prices of food. A slowdown of industrial growth meant PEASANT RIOTS.
      • ON FEBRUARY 8TH 1904 Japan launched attack on Port Arthur. Plehve (Minister of the Interior said short victorious war would end revolutionary feelings.
      • Tsar Nicholas II believed he could easily defeat Japan and in FEBRUARY 1904 WAR BROKE OUT.
      • Battle of Mukden- Russia Lost Battle of Tushima- Russia Lost Twenty Russian ships sunk. 6000 Russians killed
      • The Tsar had to accept defeat and signed treaty of Portsmouth to end war. The Tsar  was humiliated, Russia lost land. Revolutionary feelings grew.
    • Potemkin Mutiny
      • In JUNE 1905 sailors on the battleship  protested against being served rotten meat.
      • Firing squad threw the captain over board Sailors went to Odessa harbour but couldnt land, scared they would be attacked by Russian ships they left.
      • The crew sailed to Romainia where they were captured. It spread to other units of the army and navy.
      • IN OCTOBER 1905, railway men went out on strike. Trotsky established Workeers unions.
  • Father George Gapon formed assembly of Russian workers.
    • Bloody Sunday- 22nd January 1905
      • In 1904 prices of essentials rose so quickly wages declined by 20%
      • 4 workers of the A of RW were dismissed Gapon called for industrial action
      • 110,000 workers went on strike, In an attempt to settle this Gapon made a petition to give to TSAR NICHOLAS II
      • Over 150,000 signed the petition, on 22ND JANURAY 1905 workers went to went to Winter palace
      • Workers were attacked by police and COSSACKS. Over 100 workers killed. Signalled THE START OF 1905 REVOLUTION

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