- The Brown Ruling and Overturning of Plessy VS Ferguson.
- Chief Justice Vinson died before court had made a decision. He would have ruled against segregation, overturning Plessy vs. Ferguson.
- Eisenhower wanted to keep segregation. He appoints Earl Warren and trusts him to have similar views.
- Although Warren has strong views, his biggest concern is that Court makes a unanimous decision. He believed a divided Court would make any ruling harder to enforce.
- One judge, Stanley Reed, wanted to write a dissenting opinion.
- Warren makes a deal with Reed: Vote to end segregation and it will be dismantled gradually rather than all at once.
- 17th May 1954, Supreme Court announces decision: 'we conclude that in the field of public education, the doctrine of separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.