The Breakdown of Relationships

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • The Breakdown of Relationships
    • Reasons for relationship breakdown
      • Lack of skills
        • Some skills are needed to make relationships satisfying
        • People that lack social skills may be poor at indicating they are interested in someone so their actions will be unrewarding
        • Lack of social skills means that people perceive them to not be interested so the relationship begins to breakdown before it's even started.
      • Lack of stimulation
        • There is evidence that lack of stimulation is quoted when breaking off a relationship
        • When a relationship does not develop or progress it is seen as justification to break off the relationship
      • Maintenance difficulties
        • People may not be able to see each other often enough
        • For example going away to university will place a great strain on relationships
      • Extra marital affairs is another reason as to why relationships may break down.
        • Bokehaut (1999) asked undergraduates to rate various sexual and emotional reasons for men and women to be unfaithful in a relationship. Participants judged that sexual reasons for infidelity would more likely be used by men whereas emotional reasons would more likely by used by women.
          • This shows that extra marital affairs may be a direct reaction to lack of skills or lack of stimulation in the current relationship.
    • The model of breakdown
      • Phase one
        • Partners become distressed with the way the relationship is conducted.
      • Intrpsychic procresses
        • focus on partners faults. Dissatisfied partner expresses dissatisfactionin some other way other than talking to the partner.
      • Dyadic Processes
        • Confront partner and discuss feeling and future. Relationship can be saved at this point. Other people may become involved in dissatisfaction
      • Social processes
        • Dissatisfaction is now public and people may take sides, offer advice and support.
      • Grave-dressing processes
        • reinterpret the view of the partner. For example what they once saw as attractive is now a turn-off.
      • Resurrection processes
        • Preparing for a new relationship by building on past mistakes, experiences and relationships.
      • There is research to support the model.
        • Tashiro and Frazier surveyed undergraduates and they reported that they had experienced emotional distress and personal growth. they also reported that the break-up had given them new insights into themselves and future partners.
          • This shows evidence for grave-dressing processes and resurrection processes which therefore provides evidence to support the model of breakdown proposed by Rollie and Duck.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Relationships resources »