The Amazon

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  • The Amazon
    • climate
      • temp.
        • highest
          • 29 degrees c
          • April
        • lowest
          • 27 degrees c
          • December
      • rainfall
        • highest
          • 215 mm
          • August
        • lowest
          • 150 mm
          • August
      • why
        • not a big range in temp
          • because it is near the equator
        • big jumps in the rainfall averages
          • the equator causes two seasons, wet and dry, not 4
    • nutrient cycle
      • normally
        • litter decomposes
          • Nutrient enters the soil
            • soil is fertile
              • dense vegetation
                • dead organisms fall to the ground as 'litter'
                  • litter decomposes
                    • Nutrient enters the soil
                      • soil is fertile
                        • dense vegetation
                          • dead organisms fall to the ground as 'litter'
        • broken- deforestation
          • less leaf litter
            • decomposers will starve
              • affecting food chain
            • fewer nutrient enters soil
              • other plants will die
                • affecting food chain
              • soil becomes less fertile
                • less vegetation
                  • fewer leaves fall to the ground
                    • less leaf litter
                      • decomposers will starve
                        • fewer nutrient enters soil
                          • other plants will die
                            • soil becomes less fertile
                              • less vegetation
                                • fewer leaves fall to the ground
            • economic activity
              • mining
                • impacts on the environment
                  • make transport links
                  • use chemicals
                  • deforestation
                  • take water for irrigation & community
                  • pollute air
                    • generators
                  • pollute river
                    • petrol boats
                    • wash dry soil into the river
                      • changes ecosystem
                        • petrol boats
                • impact on people
                  • dangerous
                  • taught skills
                  • high crime rates
                  • cramped
                  • provides money
                    • £70 per 3 days
                      • more than most jobs
                  • hard work
                    • 12 hour shifts
              • logging
                • impacts on people
                  • $45 per meter
                    • most goes to company
                      • men get £50 per log to split
                        • essential wages
                  • deforestation
                    • reduction in the  number of tribes
                      • from 6 million to 200,000
                        • destruction of their traditional culture and way of life
                          • forcing those who stay to live of reservations
              • farming
                • impacts on the people
                  • hard work
                    • long hours
                      • good business for the last 4 years
                        • money attracts people= population increase
                          • from 2 million to 30 million+
                            • in only 40 years
                  • large parts of the forest has been destroyed
                    • to accomadate
            • Protecting the Amazon
              • IBAMA
                • authority to punish illigal logers
                  • fines and shut down sites
                    • but
                      • only 10% pay
                      • limited resorces
                        • 3 officers cover a space the size of France
              • National institute for Amazon  reasurch
                • scientists
                  • stopping deforestation will reduce CO2 emissions
                • valuing the rainforest
                  • measure CO2 levels to see how the Amazon helps global warming
                    • worth more alive than dead
                    • 6 million tons of CO"
          • location
            • upper section of Brazil
            • south of the Equator
            • The Amazon
              • climate
                • temp.
                  • highest
                    • 29 degrees c
                    • April
                  • lowest
                    • 27 degrees c
                    • December
                • rainfall
                  • highest
                    • 215 mm
                    • August
                  • lowest
                    • 150 mm
                    • August
                • why
                  • not a big range in temp
                    • because it is near the equator
                  • big jumps in the rainfall averages
                    • the equator causes two seasons, wet and dry, not 4
              • nutrient cycle
                • normally
                  • broken- deforestation
                  • economic activity
                    • mining
                      • impacts on the environment
                        • make transport links
                        • use chemicals
                        • deforestation
                        • take water for irrigation & community
                        • pollute air
                          • generators
                        • pollute river
                          • wash dry soil into the river
                            • changes ecosystem
                        • impact on people
                          • dangerous
                          • taught skills
                          • high crime rates
                          • cramped
                          • provides money
                            • £70 per 3 days
                              • more than most jobs
                          • hard work
                            • 12 hour shifts
                      • logging
                        • impacts on people
                          • $45 per meter
                            • most goes to company
                              • men get £50 per log to split
                                • essential wages
                          • deforestation
                            • reduction in the  number of tribes
                              • from 6 million to 200,000
                                • destruction of their traditional culture and way of life
                                  • forcing those who stay to live of reservations
                      • farming
                        • impacts on the people
                          • hard work
                            • long hours
                              • good business for the last 4 years
                                • money attracts people= population increase
                                  • from 2 million to 30 million+
                                    • in only 40 years
                          • large parts of the forest has been destroyed
                            • to accomadate
                    • Protecting the Amazon
                      • IBAMA
                        • authority to punish illigal logers
                          • fines and shut down sites
                            • but
                              • only 10% pay
                              • limited resorces
                                • 3 officers cover a space the size of France
                      • National institute for Amazon  reasurch
                        • scientists
                          • stopping deforestation will reduce CO2 emissions
                        • valuing the rainforest
                          • measure CO2 levels to see how the Amazon helps global warming
                            • worth more alive than dead
                            • 6 million tons of CO"
                  • covers the Amazon River basin
                    • This basin covers 1.7 billion acres
                      • Of which 1.4 billion acres are covered by the rainforest
                • easy to forge documents
                  • split equally
                    • the settlement
                      • less resources for tribes
                    • kill wild life and their resorces
                      • petrol boats
                    • with disease
                      • kill wild life and their resorces
                        • petrol boats

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