The Age of Witte

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Alice
  • Created on: 11-04-13 16:28
View mindmap
  • The Age of Witte
    • Impact of the emancipation
      • 82% of population peasants and over half were serfs
      • serfs were tied to the land and subject to extensive control by those who owned the land
      • major obstacle to economic development = encouraged subsistence agriculture
      • The 1861 ukase decree ended the system
        • Had to pay redemption payments for 49 years
        • subject to the control of the village communes
        • 1880 only half of agricultural land was producing surpluses that could be sold
    • The 'Great Spurt' 1892-1903
      • Witte's aims = to make the Russian economy strong enough to maintain as 'Great Power'
        • Appointed Russian finance minister 1892
        • Government placed emphasis on productions of capital goods
        • Inward investment from Belgium, France and Britain
        • Taxed Peasantry
        • Trans-Siberian Railway
    • Impact of Witte System
      • Coal, Iron and oil production rose
      • By 1903 Trans-Siberian Railway nearly completed
      • Population growth in cities
        • By 1900 over half of the industrial workforce was employed in factories
      • Exploited the vast natural resources of Siberia
      • Creation of poor living and working conditions
        • Development of social unrest and support for radical alternatives to Tsarism
        • In St.Petersburg Putilov Engineering Works (employed thousands) strike in 1905
      • Taxation on peasants caused resentment = uprisings common
  • Witte's aims = to make the Russian economy strong enough to maintain as 'Great Power'
    • Appointed Russian finance minister 1892
    • Government placed emphasis on productions of capital goods
    • Inward investment from Belgium, France and Britain
    • Taxed Peasantry
    • Trans-Siberian Railway

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »