CHURCHILL 1951-1955

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  • Created by: Kimmy
  • Created on: 30-05-13 18:44
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  • The 1951-55 Churchill Govt.
    • The 1951 election
      • Why Labour lose?
        • Tired, overworked. Had achieved targets, older image - average age 60.
        • opposition had regrouped
      • Con. 321 seats. Lab: 295 seats
      • POLICIES: deliberately vague/nothing radical.
        • stuck popular Labour eg. Welfare State.
        • pledged to built 300,000 houses
        • Industrial Charter 1947 - reduction in taxation and public expenditure.
      • ELECTION CAMPAIGN: stressed freedom and democracy, CHURCHILL national leader but not at forefront of manifesto (1945 election)
        • lower taxes, keep welfare state
          • stuck popular Labour eg. Welfare State.
      • REORGANISATION AND REFORM
        • Attracted younger members - youthful democratic image. 1950 up 1m
        • THINK TANKS: Bow Group - ideas forum attract younger people. One nation group - progressive ideas and moving forward.
    • Government and Cabinet
      • mixed bag: Tory reformers given key posts
    • Leadership
      • cautious, conciliatory.
      • PEARCE: Churchill lead the Cons. with considerable vigour and flair.
    • Tone of Govt.
      • stuck to welfare, employment and nationalisation policies
      • emphasis on economic progress and prosperity
      • cautious, healing and rivival
    • ECONOMY
      • Massive debt wiped out with a surplus of £259m
      • Road haulage, steel and iron private ownership
      • cut imports credit and food
      • Near full employment achieved. (Lower taxes, wage increases)
    • SOCIAL
      • Rationing abolished 1953
      • 354,000 houses built.
        • By 1960 50% houses built private sale
          • housing more affordable, positive impact, huge success
      • Education unchanged
      • Health: prescription charge introduced - inevitable.
      • GUILLEBOARD COMMITEE REPORT: NHS efficient and cost effective
        • 1950s shortage proper hospital provision
      • sharp rise living standards,  home ownership

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