Koch, Jenner and Pasteur

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  • The work of Pasteur, Jenner and Koch
    • Edward Jenner 1749-1823
      • 14th May 1769: Inserted cow pox matter into a cut on James Phipps arm.
      • 1st July 1769: Injected the boy with small pox but no disease followed.
      • Several months later he injected more small pox but still no disease followed.
      • The British Government awarded him £10,000 and five years later £20,000.
    • Louis Pasteur 1822-1895
      • Chemist Louis Pasteur discovered that bacteria in the air caused and spread disease.
      • For the first time in history scientists and doctors knew the true cause of disease in general.
      • He used his knowledge on bacteria after his daughter died to figure out what caused cholera.
      • Knowing what microbes caused disease he tried to find more vaccines after seeing Jenner's work.
    • Robert Koch 1843-1910
      • Doctor Robert Koch investigated Anthrax and discovered it could infect people.
      • It was the first time anyone identified the specific microbe that causes an individual disease.
      • He started to stain different microbes so they stood out from the others. Other scientists started to use this method.
      • The discovery led to finding other microbes that caused these specific diseases: Typhoid, Cholera, Pneumonia, Meningitis and the Plague.


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