The Weimer Republic 1918-29

  • Created by: Gaynor
  • Created on: 18-03-18 17:04
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  • The Weimer Republic  1918-29
    • The Origins of the Republic
      • With WW1 coming to an end, the Kaiser abdicated 9th November 1918
      • Despite revolts by extremists and riots in the streets, Ebert and the SPD established a new government and a National Assembly
      • The National Assembly met in Weimer and created a constitution for the Weimer Republic
      • The constitution was democratic and constructed so that no individual or party could have all the power
      • Being a coalition, it was weak in a crisis and was based on division. This later weakened the Weimer Republic
    • Early Challenges to the Republic 1919-23
      • The Treaty of Versailles and the 'stab in the back' theory made the Weimer Republic unpopular after 1919
      • From 1919 to 1923, the Weimer Republic attacked by extreme left-wing and right-wing political groups inside and outside the Reichstag, like the Spartacist Revolt and Kapp Putsch
      • 1923 brought new challenges for the Weimer Republic like the French occupation of the Ruhr and hyperinflation
    • The Recovery of the Republic 1924-29
      • As finance minister, Stresemann introduced a new currency which ended hyperinflation in the Weimer Republic and aided economic recovery in Germany
      • The Dawes Plan and Young Plan reduced the burden of reparations on the Weimer Republic
      • Under Stresemann as foreign minister, the Locarno Pact, membership f the League of Nations and Kellogg-Briand Pact marked the return of Germany as a power, thus enabling the Weimer Republic to become a more stable state
    • Changes in Society   1924-29
      • Some improvements in the standard of living took place. However, they were fragile and helping the working classes was not popular with all Germans in the Weimer Republic
      • There were some improvements in the position of women in politics, at work and in leisure. However, they were limited and did not please all Germans
      • Dramatic changes occurred in culture, particularly in art, architecture and the cinema. However, these changes did not please all Germans

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