The Triune God

All these mindmaps are the AQA revision guide condensed further so everything is very condesed and simple 

I printed mine on A3 paper as i found it v difficult to use online and A4 was wayyy too small making the bubbles unreadable 

Beware of the typos I was too lazy to fix them whoops 

Enjoy the revison :)

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  • The Triune God
    • How is music good for worship?
      • unites people in praise
      • increases the beauty of worship
      • helps people to feel more involved in worship
      • can make worship feel more joyous or solemn
      • inspires people to praise God
      • can bring people closer to God
      • Vatican Council 'adds delight'
      • it can be upbeat and more modern, appealing to a younger generation
    • Acclamation's
      • Gloria
        • hymn to praise glory and goodness
        • 'glory to God'
        • used near beginning of Mass
        • not used in sorrowful seasons e.g. Advent + Lent
      • Alleluia
        • Hebrew word meaning 'praise God'
        • hymn of joy and triumph that praises God
        • announces the presence of Christ, before Gospel
        • sung 3x during Easter Vigil to announce resurrection
        • not used during Lent
      • Sanctus
        • Latin word meaning 'holy'
        • hymn to praise Gods holiness
        • used before Eucharistic Prayer
        • not used in sorrowful seasons e.g. Advent + Lent
        • based on Isaiah vision in the Temple when angels cried 'Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts
      • Mystery of Faith
        • an acknowledgement that the whole saving event of Christs life, death + resurrection is made present in the consecration
        • used after the consecration (when bread + Wine have become Blood + Body of Christ
    • Explained in the Bible...
      • Deuteronomy 6:4
        • 'the Lord alone' = there is only one God
        • God is three persons but there is still only one God
      • Matthew 3:16-17
        • God reveals himself as the Trinity in Jesus' baptism
        • Holy Spirit  = 'descending like a dove' = the love that unites the Father and the Son
        • Father = 'a voice from heaven' = God
        • Son = ''this is my son'' = Jesus (God incarnate)
        • shows belief that there are 3 persons who coexist at the same time
        • Jesus'baptism
      • Galatians 4:6
        • helps explain the relationship between the Trinity + Christians (God's 'children')
        • 'God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abba! '
        • shows Christians are children of God - 'Abba' = Father
        • Holy Spirit is shared with all believers + gives us strength + courage
      • Mark 1
        • Jesus' baptism
        • God is three persons: the Holy Spirit  ('a dove' ), the Father ('a voice'), the Son (Jesus himself)
    • What does the Nicene Creed teach about the Trinity?
      • God the Father = creator = 'maker of heaven + earth'
      • eternal = 'before all ages'
      • 'by the holy spirit was incarnate' = God made flesh
      • Jesus suffered + died as a human = 'he suffered death'
      • after death Jesus 'ascended into heaven' and took his place as the Son of God at the 'right hand of the Father'
      • Holy Spirit = 'giver of life'
      • Holy Spirit = inspires people to learn about the will of God = 'who had spoken through the prophets'
    • What does Genesis 1 teach about the Trinity?
      • 'God created the heavens and the earth' = Father
      • 'wind from God' = Holy Spirit = present in the creation of the universe
      • God created the universe with the power of his Word (Word = reference to Jesus = Son) - '''Let there be light'', and there was light'
    • How does the belief in the Trinity influence Christians?
      • the love of the Father + Son for each other (the Holy Spirit) flows outwards into the lives + hearts of believers as grace
      • just as the love of the Trinity is shared with Christians, they should be inspired to pass on the love to others
    • Mission
      • means sending out people to help others
      • missionaries share the love of God through actions
      • they believe they should love others as God loves them
      • Evangelism
        • means preaching the good news about Jesus to other people
        • evangelists share their knowledge + experience to influence the lives + attitudes of others
        • inspired by the Holy Spirit
        • Jesus' last instructions = 'go therefore and make disciples of all nations.. teaching them'
    • Evangelism
      • means preaching the good news about Jesus to other people
      • evangelists share their knowledge + experience to influence the lives + attitudes of others
      • inspired by the Holy Spirit
      • Jesus' last instructions = 'go therefore and make disciples of all nations.. teaching them'
    • St Augustine
      • a theologian born in the 4th centuary who wrote 'On the Trinity',
      • The Bible says, 'God is love' and love cant exist on its own. There needs to be: the person who loves, the person who is loved and the love that unites them
      • The Father loves the Son and the Son loves the Father: the love that unites them is the Holy Spirit
      • Holy Spirit = shares Gods love with others
      • explains the relationship WITHIN the Trinity
    • Catherine LaCugna
      • a theologian who lived in second half of 20th century who taught about OUTWARD effects of the Trinity
      • the Son is continually, eternally coming from the Father
      • the Holy Spirit is the love that unites the Father + Son, which flows outwards into creation
      • the son came to earth to bring redemption and to restore the relationship  with the Father, broken by Adam and Eve's disobedience
      • Holy Spirit = guides believers to the Father
      • once redemption is over, all things will be brought back to God
    • The Authority of the Magisterium
      • Jesus' first disciples = 12 apostles
      • when the apostles went to a new area to preach they chose someone to lead the Church in that Area  = Bishop
      • In the ceremony to become Bishop - laying on of hands - symbolic gesture that passes on the power of the Holy Spirit and the apostolic authority
      • Bishop of Rome = Pope = head of Catholic Church
      • unbroken succession of Bishops of Rome since Peter
      • Pope + Bishop form Magisterium = teaching authority of the Catholic Church
      • whatever councils (meetings of Pope + Bishops) decide, is believed to be infallible as the Church is guided by the Holy Spirit
    • Why was the Nicene Creed produced?
      • Council of Nicaea (325 CE)
        • Arius taught only God the Father was eternal, not the Son, so a council was called to discuss this
          • council confirmed: the Son is a part of the Father, the Father + Son have always coexisted and they are both equal and of the same nature
      • Council of Constantinople (381 CE)
        • there was further dispute about the Trinity, including the nature of Jesus, so a council was called
          • council confirmed that: the Holy Spirit is the 3rd Person of the Trinity + fully God and that Jesus is both fully God + fully human
            • Creed was made as a statement of faith that all Catholics accept which mention the Churches beliefs about the Trinity
              • council confirmed: the Son is a part of the Father, the Father + Son have always coexisted and they are both equal and of the same nature
    • Baptism
      • symbolises start of new life
      • the people being baptised commits their life to God, like Jesus, after death they will join God
      • symbolises   joining in with Jesus' death (being submerged in water)  + resurrection (raising up out of the water)
      • use of water also symbolises the Holy Spirit, to give strength + resist evil
      • cleanses a person of all their sins
      • sacrament of initiation where the person becomes a member of the Church
      • person = baptised 'in the name of the Father, Son and of the Holy Spirit' = sharing in the life of the Trinity
    • Prayer
      • conversation between a person and God
      • opening up to God
      • highest form of prayer = Jesus offering himself to the Father on the cross
      • Spontaneous prayer = no set format or words = Holy Spirit guides them = more personal + sincere = develop individual relationship with God = reflects feeling in the mometn
      • Traditional prayer = set words passed from generations e.g Our Father = opening up more to presence of God as less focus on words = using familiar words = comforting
    • Postures in Prayer
      • kneeling = humility = acknowledging God's authority = forgivenes
      • sitting = comfortable = focus on communication with God
      • standing with arms stretched to sky = willing to accept = sign of praise = respect
      • bowing with joined hands = respect = praise = request for help = God is great
      • Prostrating(lying flat on floor) = total humility = pleading for help + mercy
      • genuflecting (bending on one knee) = respect = acknowledgement on Christ's presence

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