The Treaty of Versailles

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  • The Treaty of Versailles
    • The Big Three
      • David Lloyd George
        • British Prime Minister
        • Wanted to 'make Germany pay'
        • Wanted to be harsh because the British public hated the Germans
        • Wanted things that would benefit Britain
          • Reduce the size of the German Navy
          • Get rid of the German Empire
          • To continue to to trade with Germany
      • George Clemenceau
        • French Prime Minister
        • Wanted to severely punish Germany
          • 2/3 of French soldier in WW1 had beem killed or injured
          • He had seen Germany invade France twice in 1870 and 1914
        • Wanted £10 billion in reparations
      • Woodrow Wilson
        • American President
        • Wanted to be fair so Germany wouldn't seek revenge
        • Had 14 points
          • Self-determination
          • To set up a League of Nations
          • Disarmament
    • Terms of the Treaty
      • War Guilt
        • Article 231
        • Germany had to accept the blame for starting WW1
      • Military
        • Army reduced to 100,000 men
        • Conscription Banned
        • No armed vehicles,submarines or aircraft
        • Navy limited to 6 battleships
        • Rhineland demilitarised
      • Reparations
        • £6.6 billion
        • Wouldn't have finished paying until 1984
      • Territory
        • All colonies placed under LoN's control
        • Lost 10% of land
        • Lost 12.5% of population
        • Lost 16% of coal fields
        • Alsace-Lorraine went to France
        • North Schleswig went to Denmark
        • West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia went to Poland
        • Saarland placed under LoN's control for 15 years
        • Lost almost 50% of iron & steel industry
      • League of Nations set up
    • Reactions to the Treaty
      • British
        • Lloyd George was hailed as a hero
        • In private Lloyd George worried it was too harsh
      • French
        • The French public felt it wasn't harsh enough
        • Clemenceau was voted out of office in 1920 for allowing it to be too soft
      • American
        • Wilson was disappointed that it was too harsh and that he'd been ignored
        • Congress later refused to join the LoN, Wilson's one success
      • German
        • Called it a 'diktat'
        • Very angry as they were expecting a fair treaty
        • Especially angry about the war guilt and territory terms


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