- The Third Five-Year Plan (1962-1965)
- Inefficient projects closed down and communes broken up.
- The persecution of intellectuals and scientists relaxed.
- Production targets reviewed annually and made more realistic
- Agricultural production rose to 1957 levels, oil and gas production rose dramatically and the manufacture of consumer goods increased.
- In 1964, the atom bomb was created. (Success)
- Private plots were allowed. And any surplus food could be sold for profit.