The strange situation (Ainsworth et al)

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  • Created by: usharif
  • Created on: 26-03-18 19:46
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  • THE STRANGE SITUATION (Ainsworth et al)
    • AIM
      • To assess the quality of child's attachment to their categiver
    • PROCEDURE
      • Research room - novel environment - encourages exploration
      • 8 episodes
        • designed to highlight certain behaviours
          • 1. Use of parent as secure base
          • 2. Stranger anxiety (x2)
          • 3. Separation anxiety (x2)
          • 4. Reunion behaviour (x2)
        • care giver and stranger either leave or stay with the infant
      • Video recorded what the infant is doing every 15 seconds
      • Behavioural catergories
        • Video recorded what the infant is doing every 15 seconds
        • 1. proximity and contact- seeking behaviours
        • 4. Contact and interaction-resisting behaviours
        • 3. Proximity and interaction-avoiding behaviours
        • 5. Search behaviours
        • 2. Contact-maintaining behaviours
        • Scored on a intensity score of 1-7
    • FINDINGS
      • Secure attachment
        • 66%
          • Explores environment
          • Shows distress if seperated
            • Friendly with strangers
      • Insecurely-avoidant
        • 12%
          • Little exploration
            • Little distress if seperated
              • Avoids mother when she returns
      • Insecurely-resistant
        • 22%
          • Anxious when exploring
            • Much distress if separated
              • Unsure whether to approach mother upon return
    • CONCLUSION
      • Sensitive mothers are responsive to the child's needs and respond to their moods and feeling
        • More likely to have securely attached children
      • Mothers are less sensitive are likely to have insecurely attached children

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