The Spartacist revolt

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  • The Spartacist revolt
    • German Communist Party (1918) backed by the Soviet Union and was well funded.
      • soon had 33 daily newspapers and 400,000 members.
      • supported by the Spartacist League.
        • extreme socialists from the Independent Socialist Party (USPD).
        • led by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht.
    • 4 JAN 1919: Ebert sacked Emli Eichhorn who was popular with the workers.
      • the next day: 1000s of workers protested in the streets.
        • the Spartacists saw this as their chance to undermine the Government.
          • called for an uprising and a general strike in Berlin and - 6 JAN - 100,000 workers took to the streets.
            • seized the government's newspaper and telegraph offices.
    • The Freikorps
      • Ebert ordered Reichswehr officers to organise the demobilised soldiers into Freikorps units
        • soldiers from released from the army that still had their weapons. Most were right wing and opposed communism.
    • The end of the Spartacist Revolt.
      • Ebert turned the Freikorps to the rioters: 13 JAN; they had been driven off.
      • 16 JAN: Luxemburg and Liebknecht were arrested.

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