The Rump Parliament

  • Created by: Lizz2002
  • Created on: 15-01-21 06:21
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  • The Rump Parliament
    • Problems
      • There had not been a majority supporting the execution
      • There was no agreement about the kind of gov they should make
      • The army expected the Rump to set up the system and then hold elections
      • The Levelers were pressuring the gov to have less power and give more men the vote
      • The religious radicals wanted the word of God to be the decison-maker
      • Charles II had been declared king by Scotland and Ireland
        • There was also a lot of discontent here over what had happened
      • The army had been increased which meant taxes were high
    • Esablishment of a new government
      • The Rump allowed some MPs back to add to their numbers
      • Parliament voted by a small majoity to abolish the House of Lords and to replace the Privy council with the Council of State
        • They formed a comonwealth form of government
        • Parliament had control over the Council of State (in charge of home and foreign affairs) and held annual elections to it
    • The Leveler Challenge
      • They wanted a gov based on "The Agreement of the People" but parliament rejected it
        • This lead to widespread protest and mutiny. Cromwell killed several leaders in a churchyard while their men watched which put an end to the protests
      • The Levelers remained a small minority movement and their revolution would never succeed
    • Unpopular Measures
      • Finance
        • They needed the army due to the threat of Charles II and hostility in Scotland
        • Taxation remained very high
      • Politcis
        • The Rump had voted that they would dissolve in March 1949 to allow for elections
        • However, they continued to rule as they feared the new parliament would just restore the mobnarchy
    • Some Successes
      • Weekly church attendance was no longer required
      • Church endowments were put to better use
      • Better preaching was encouraging in rural areas
      • The Navigation Act was passed to protect trade


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